Type 1 diabetes is two conditions

Type 1 Diabetes is NOT one condition

As per one of the latest researches conducted in the University of Exeter, it has been found that the occurrence of type 1 diabetes in patients below the age of 13 and above the age of 13 is significantly different. It is also being believed that this important discovery will allow in the detection and prevention of diabetes in the future generations of those children who are prone to this disease.

The scientists say that the type 1 diabetes diagnosed in children of age seven is of different kind than the type 1 diabetes diagnosed in patients who are aged 13 or above. It was observed that the diabetes diagnosed children who were under the age of seven years, did not process properly and the cells that produced insulin were destroyed quickly as well. On the other hand, the children who above the age of 13 years or the adults, continued the production of insulin normally.

These recent finding has resurfaced the questions about diabetes regarding the fact that can these dormant cells that produce insulin be revitalized to function more efficiently.

Another study that was published in the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes named Diabetologia, has suggested two new names for these various forms of the type 1 diabetes. These are termed as the endotypes of the condition and are as follows:

  • Type 1 diabetes endotype 1 (T1DE1): The kind of diabetes that occurs in younger children.
  • Type 1 diabetes endotype 2 (T1DE2): The type of diabetes that is observed in children above the age of 13 and adults.

Professor Noel Morgan said that apart from this research’s benefits in preventing diabetes in the future generations, it can also help in the formulation of new treatments if new ways could be found to revitalize the dormant cells that produce insulin in the people of older age. “This would be a significant step towards the holy grail to find a cure for some people,” added the professor.