Dogs are loving companions of humans and now they could be the vital source to finding a cure for brain cancer.
Diffuse gliomas are a common form of brain cancer that develops in the central nervous system and effect glial cells in the brain.
Doctors find this form of cancer difficult to treat as survival rates are low with only 5% of people surviving for 5 years or more.
There is definitely a gap in knowledge about this cancer. Scientist do not know their molecular pathology and how these cells progress to malignancy.
Dogs are also susceptible to developing gliomas as humans. Earlier research had shown that dogs often develop these cancers at around the same age in human years suggesting that there could be a link between brain age and glioma development.
Human and dog glioma pathology have many similarities, which means that dogs could provide the best model to help scientists understand this kind of cancers.
Prof RoelVerhaak at Jackson Laboratories in Maine has found out that gliomas in dogs may help scientists understand better the complex pathology of diffuse gliomas. The team had published their finding in Cancer Cell.