Artificial Intelligence aid Robotic Devices to replace Venipuncture techniques

A robot can now draw blood or fluid from the human body with the help of artificial intelligence and imaging. This is a device that rests on the table has features of AI and near-infrared and ultrasound imaging. This research is done at Rutgers University.

A paper published in Nature Machine Intelligence tells about autonomous systems like image-guided robotic device that easily surpasses the output of a normal person. There are many benefits of medical robots – they award fewer injuries to the body, and bring out efficient outcomes of the procedure. The medical professionals will then focus on critical aspects of diagnosis in lieu of diverting to microscopic details. The advance interventions and revival of remote and resource-limited areas are possible due to this technology. 

Senior Author Martin L. Yarmush, Paul & Mary Monroe Chair & Distinguished Professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Rutgers University-New Brunswick, their team has successfully tested the device on animals, models, and volunteers. They have also compared the time of procedure and completion rates with experts.

The therapeutic procedure includes getting to veins, arteries, and other blood vessels, draw blood or fluids, drugs, etc. The manual insertion of stents or any other devices can be cumbersome even detecting the veins is difficult sometimes. The rate of failure is 20% and the level of intricacy develops when people have varied nature of blood vessels like small, twisted, rolling, or collapsed.

Such type of treatment takes at least five attempts to get success or the chances of success rate is below 50%. Also, it leads to bleeding complications due to wrong puncturing. In contrast, this robotic device can accurately detect the veins or tiny blood vessels, perform complex visual tasks like identifying the blood vessels, classify them and determining their depth. Some works suggest that these devices serve as a means to merge automated blood drawing and downstream analysis of blood. 

Furthermore, this device can also be used in rodents, an imperative procedure for drug testing in animals in the pharma and biotech industry.